…when the last individual of a race of living things breathes no more, another Heaven and another Earth must pass before such a one can be seen again.
—William Beebe, Naturalist, 1906.
—William Beebe, Naturalist, 1906.
—C.S. Lewis [“Jack”]
C.S. Lewis, or Jack, as his friends called him (I like to think we would’ve been friends) died this day in 1963. Everyone either reads 1) The Chronicles of Narnia or 2) his apologies of Christianity.
If you really are interested in Jack, I recommend his letters. When E.B. White allowed his letters to be published, he commented that it was a scary thing to publish his letters because it revealed more about who he really was than his writing. It has the capacity to get you real close and personal to the writers you really enjoy.
They are wonderfully intimate artifacts from a writing life and, if you’re interested, worth the read.
Also, his work on medieval literature is pretty top notch.
I ONLY signed up for this class because of the word “South” and I have never been more pleasantly surprised. By far, one of the more useful and practical courses I’ve taken at Arkansas Tech.
From the syllabus: “The southern/environmental intersection presents unusually rich opportunities for contributing new perspectives to those individual fields of study. That is, Southern Studies can benefit immensely form a consideration of the representation of the non-human world just as the (relatively) new field of ecocriticism has much to learn form the long tradition of southern literary/cultural scholarship” (Shaman, 2013).
Because of us, the environment is always in peril. This also of course makes us responsible because we have the agency necessary to make changes. What we read/viewed this semester and a view supplemental texts offered alongside it:
These are a good sampling, but these two can provide you a more academic overview if you choose:
And the website for the Association for Literature and Environment offers many more resources if you’re interested.
Few Americans branch out and look at international films, but there are so many good ones. Many of the greatest films ever made come from outside the United States. There are prolific directors who have contributed to cinema history, but are largely unrecognizable by American audiences.
In a Foreign Film Seminar this semester, we went on a journey through cinema history all around the world! From the gritty Neorealism of Bicycle Thieves to the historical epics of Kurosawa, film offers something for everyone.
Follow this link (Foreign Film) to see the sampling of films we’ve watched this semester.
The horror film…you really should be dreading difference. Not particularly a big horror fan, but reading them through a psychoanalytic lens and paying particular attention to gender is incredibly fascinating. Follow this link (Gender and Horror) to see the list of films we’ve watched this semester.
If you’re really interested, try these three books.
There are too many false “Obamacare” arguments out of there. They are wholly ridiculous; it’s astounding that so many Americans would share such crap without doing their own research. I understand. Research is hard and it’s so much easier to listen to your pundits. None of these arguments have any intellectual merit(s), but for fun we should dissect one.
One of them in circulation comes from an old man named “Warren Trammell”. I suppose we have to use these stories to get y’all riled up. It tells a story about him being turned away because of the projected Obamacare—even though Medicare is not attached to Obamacare. Then, quite charmingly, it says: “Please for the sake of many good people…be informed please [emphasis mine].” So, shall we be informed together? For many of you, as Warren Trammell warns, “YOU ARE NOT GOING TO LIKE THIS…”
There are some amazing assumptions here and it is probably better to take it line by line. The first claim goes like this: “At age 76 when you most need it, you arenot [sic (this is a term used to mean original author’s error. It seems appropriate that proper language has no place in such arguments)] eligible for cancer treatment” and then directs you to page 272, I assume for proof. What does page two hundred and seventy two say? It is from Part III—Encouraging Development of New Patient Care Models. It encourages new care models. For geriatric assessments, like this pitiable seventy six year old man, it stresses the utilization of a.) “comprehensive care plans (including through interdisciplinary teams) of applicable individuals with multiple chronic conditions and at least one of the following…” It only stresses the care of elder geriatric individuals who need longer care plans. What? No death panels! Ha, I joke. At least this baseless claim includes none of that crap. Feel free to search it yourself. There is no reason to believe that the language stipulated here will prevent seventy six year olds (apparently, the age you most need cancer treatment) from getting treatment.
Then, because we need another villain, we cite Pelosi’s comment that we have to pass the bill to see what was in it. From the Washington Post:
“In the fall of the year,” Pelosi said today, “the outside groups…were saying ‘it’s about abortion,’ which it never was. ‘It’s about ‘death panels,’’ which it never was. ‘It’s about a job-killer,’ which it creates four million. ‘It’s about increasing the deficit’; well, the main reason to pass it was to decrease the deficit.” Her contention was that the Senate “didn’t have a bill.” And until the Senate produced an actual piece of legislation that could be matched up and debated against what was passed by the House, no one truly knew what would be voted on. “They were still trying to woo the Republicans,” Pelosi said of the Senate leadership and the White House, trying to “get that 60th vote that never was coming. That’s why [there was a] reconciliation [vote]” that required only a simple majority.
“So, that’s why I was saying we have to pass a bill so we can see so that we can show you what it is and what it isn’t,” Pelosi continued. “It is none of these things. It’s not going to be any of these things.” She recognized that her comment was “a good statement to take out of context.” But the minority leader added, “But the fact is, until you have a bill, you can’t really, we can’t really debunk what they’re saying….”
You can understand her offhand comment. Republicans lied then, as they are lying now. Not all of them, mind you. Just a bunch of folks who are in the pockets of insurance companies who want your money. Don’t be deceived. Money is at the bottom of all of this.
Now, we get some actual credibility to this pathetic thing. Apparently, it was Judge Kithil of Marble Falls, Texas, who blessedly “highlighted the most egregious pages of HB 3200”. Interestingly enough, the bill referred to here, the America’s Affordable Health Choices Act of 2009, was never passed. Instead, it was H.R. 3590, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, that became the basis for what many of you call “Obamacare”. Snopes.com, a website that searches out whether or not rumors or true or false, has provided a detailed line-by-line debunking here: http://www.politifact.com/truth-o-meter/article/2009/jul/30/e-mail-analysis-health-bill-needs-check-/. If you buy it the first time, you’re ignorant. If you read the evidence and still buy it, congratulations! You, sir or madam, are an idiot. We’re going to treat this claim as if it’s really the ACA, because everyone seems to think it is.
Now, we are going to go into a similar line by line analysis, because no one paid attention to the first one it seems. We’ll do this by putting BS followed by a number for each ridiculous claim. BS seems appropriate. Following the BS points will be points labeled T (for truth):
BS: “Page 50/section 152: The bill will provide insurance to all non-U.S. residents, even if they are here illegally.”
T: Firstly, there is no Section 152 anywhere around page 50. Just bad research or wholly fabricated? IF it’s bad research, something so simple as citing pages, can you really trust them? This is a lie anyway. Now, some low-income illegal immigrants can be eligible for emergency Medicaid coverage and federal law prevents hospitals from turning away these individuals even if they are uninsured, according to the National Immigration Law Center. This is only the moral thing to do. But this predates the ACA and is not stipulated by it.
BS: “Page 58 and 59: The government will have real-time access to an individual’s bank account and will have the authority to make electronic fund transfers from those accounts.”
T: For real? I love how little faith Republicans have in the big government they’re responsible for creating. Pages 58 and 59 are under Part II—Consumer Choices and Insurance Competition through Health Benefit Exchanges. Shockingly enough—there is NO SUCH LANGUAGE. This section includes exemptions and additional benefits that states can provide.
BS: “Page 65/section 164: The plan will be subsidized (by the government) for all union members, union retirees and for community organizations…”
T: This shows how early this is BS. It cites ACORN because everyone knows the whole ACORN scandal that FOX was responsible for perpetrating. Let’s look at that page. Nothing about unions on this page either. Interestingly enough, this is also the section [not section 164] in which it details that Congress is not exempt. However, Tom Cotton thinks otherwise. This is because he’s a moron.
BS: “Page 203/line 14-15: The tax imposed under this section will not be treated as a tax. (How could anybody in their right mind come up with that?)”
T: Here we get their claim and a little commentary. The word TAX isn’t on this page at all. It’s about the State Option to provide health homes for enrollees with chronic conditions. The ACA is actually a marvelous compromise and gives much authority to the states. If YOU read it, instead of reading about it, you’d realize this. How could anybody in their right mind believe otherwise?
BS: “Page 241 and 253: Doctors will all be paid the same regardless of specialty, and the government will set all doctors’ fees.”
T: What a load of Koch garbage. If you’ve seen their ridiculous ads, they try to make you believe Obamacare really infiltrates the healthcare profession. It DOES NOT. It infiltrates the INSURANCE companies, which screws them out of the money and power they’ve had for so long. On page 241: These are sections dealing with the performance assessment of hospitals. Nothing about doctors pay, but there are incentives for hospitals. On page 253: the section is 3005, Quality Reporting for PPS-Exempt Cancer Hospitals. Once again, nothing about doctors or their pay. Doctors are still going to be paid well. Doctors with more advanced specialties will still get paid more.
BS: “Page 272. Section 1145: Cancer hospital will ration care according to the patient’s age.”
T: Health insurance companies essentially ration coverage to an individual’s age. But, this article doesn’t point them out as the proper profiteering criminals they are. I’ve already covered this from earlier. It is equally as full of shit now as it was then.
BS: “Page 317 and 321: The government will impose a prohibition on hospital expansion; however, communities may petition for an exception.”
T: Page 317 deals with the implementation and I really don’t need to stress, hopefully, that at this point, you should know this is ridiculous. Page 321: Equally irrelevant as it deals with the administration further.
BS: “Page 424, line 4-12: The government mandates advance-care planning consultations. Those on Social Security will be required to attend an “end-of-life planning” seminar every five years. (Death counseling..)
T: Ah! Maybe those death panels are here? Page 424 deals with Community Preventative Services.
BS: And then…and then…as the piece de resistance, the Honorable David Kithil of Marble Falls, Texas goes on to identify—without citing a single page of evidence, despite his apparent knack at it!—“Finally, it is specifically stated that this bill will not apply to members of Congress.”
Finally, this ridiculous text claims it should give you all the ammo you need to oppose Obamacare. Please continue to do so. Just know 1) you are citing fabricated information from a document that is not even the right document that concerns the ACA, 2) smart people are going to know better.
Really? That’s an important question to ask. That’s been Pryor’s campaign slogan for some time. I’ll tell you one thing first. I am an Arkansan. I love this state. I love it very much. My girlfriend does not understand. It’s hard to explain, isn’t it? I think every Arkansan could agree that it’s hard to put your thumb on what being an Arkansan means.
My dad is a logger. I know that forestry is a big deal for Arkansas. It’s very important to me to be informed about it too. I have family and know friends whose families worked for Alcoa, the company that kept my hometown of Bauxite alive, and continues to keep it alive in a way. My mother’s family farmed. Not a big business, my Pawpaw had another job as a diesel mechanic. It was enough to sustain them, however. Arkansas is in my blood—I know the state and its history and people is important to me.
I want to call out Representative Tom Cotton. This is an answer to his speech, annoucing his candidacy. He wishes to represent the great state of Arkansas at the national level. Fine. There are fewer noble endeavors than serving Arkansas, if you ask me. But, I’ll tell you. He’s a liar. He’s not concerned with Arkansas. In fact, he serves interests who are opposed to its well-being.
I will say it is presumptuous of Tom Cotton to think he can run for Senate. I will also say, which candidate is not presumptuous when running agianst an incumbent. That argument falls flat I’m afraid. Would I prefer if he had more experience? Certainly. I would have said the same thing to Mark Pryor after his two terms as a Representative as well. When it comes to expereince for politics, I imagine our candiates, like ourselves if we ran, grit their teeth and decide its time. I don’t doubt ambition plays a part in it. You can be ambitious and serve the state at the same time.
I believe Tom Cotton is wrong. I think he’s wrong about a lot of things. I’m directly answering his speech here. I could call into question his platform, and may as I proceed, but let us begin by focusing on his opening speech.
He begins by saying Washington needs to change. Yes. Every American has agreed with that statement since Washington, the machine, was born. And it is a machine, but it is our machine. I am often too optimistic, when I should be more cynical. But what can I say. I have learned that hope is precious and should not be squandered. Washington needs to change. First, Tom Cotton claims that because he has served us in “a different way in faraway places” he has the precience to know that Washington is not serving us today. America, Arkansas, thanks Tom Cotton for his military service. Certainly, it is a brave and noble thing to do—especially when preparing for a career. We can all thank him for that. He says the “politicans…are playing a corrupt game”. And they are. They always have, in a way. “They take your money and waste it on big-governmetn programs that empower and enrich them while not serving you”. Yes they play the lobbying game, and make no mistake, so does Tom Cotton—but these big government programs serve Arkansans every day. Arkansas recieved $4,541,020,980 in federal assistance in 2008. Student loans are part of that. Many students in Arkansas would not be capable to attend college without some kind of aid. Thankfully, Arkansas instituted the Arkansas Academic Challenge scholarship, which continues to pay for students to go to college. I was awarded that scholarship, along with a University Scholarship from Arkansas Tech, in 2010—I wouldn’t have been able to go without either. Unfortunately, some students only qualify for the Arkansas Academic Challenge. With the rising cost of tuition, that’s not enough. Students take out student loans. Arkansas is the “land of opportunity”. That’s our name. I love it. Tom Cotton voted against opportunity when he blocked legislation that would have kept the interest rates for student loans at 3.4%. This caused them to double to 6.8%. Tom Cotton then opposed a compromise. It was a proposal that wouldn’t have added to the shrinking defeict and it was supported by the entire Arkansas delegation—except Tom Cotton. The msot shocking thing is that Tom Cotton used government-sbusidized loans to help pay for college. To say that something is okay for me but no one else is not the Arkansas way.
“It’s only going to get worse if Obamacare goes into effect”. Now, I know a lot of Arkansans are going to shut me down when they hear this. Because many Arkansans oppose the Affordable Care Act, because Republcians have created a scarecrow that’s easy to demolish. Many Arkansans haven’t been told the truth about the Affordable Care Act. I’m going to summarize it for you, or at least try. I’m not an economist. I’m a student; however, Arkansas Tech has done a wonderful job at preparing me for research. By 2022, accoridng to the Congressional Budget Office, Obamacare will extend coverage to 33 million Americans who would be uninsured. Families making less than around $29.000 (for a famly of four) will be covered through Medicaid. For families making less than 400 perecent of the poverty line, premiums are capped. These families won’t have to pay more than 6.3 % of their incomes in premiums. When the individual mandate if full phased-in, families that can afford coverage, but don’t get it will have to pay either $695 of 2.5 percent of their annual income. This helps pay for those who are still uninsured. Small businesses that have fewer than 10 employees, with average wages beneath $25,000, that provide insurance for their workers will get a 50% tax credit. That tex creidt reaches up to small business with up to 50 employees and average wages of $50,000, though it gets smaller as the business gets bigger and richer. Insuracne companies are no longer allowed to discriminate based on preexisting conditions. I think all of us know someone who was refused coverage because of this. Starting in 2018, the law imposes a 35 percent tax on employer-provided health plans that exceed $10,200 for individual coverage and $27,500 for family coverage. The idea is a kind of roundabout second-best to capping the tax code’s (currently unlimited) deduction for employer-provided heath insurance. The policy idea is to give employers that much more reason to avoid expensive insurance policies and thus give insurers that much more reason to hold costs down. The law requires insurers to spend between 80 and 85 percent of every premium dollar on medical care—meaning insurance companies can no longer pocket huge sums of your premium. You get more bang for your buck this way. If insurers exceed this they have to rebate the excess. Some of you may have already gotten rebates. The rebates totaled nearly 1.1 billion this year. Although the law is expected to spend a little over 1 trillion, its spending cuts and tax increases are expected to save money and reduce the defecit.
Tom Cotton is opposed to this, and you may still be too. However, there are only benefits to the law—as you’ve seen above. The Congressional Budget Office has told John Boehner and House Republicans that the Affordable Care Act will reduce the defiecit—but none of them have passed that information on to you. Why hasn’t Tom Cotton told you that?
Sandra Cook,a Master of Public Administration, broke what the Affordable Care Act—what many of you derisively call Obamacare—means to Arkansas. Did you know that Arkansas is ranked forty eight on health indicators? We are the third worst in the nation. We have extremely high rates of chronic disease. This might not have been a problem if: 1) premium costs hadn’t doubled in the past ten years, 2) many are paying greater than 10% of their income for healthcare, 3) and 25% of adult Arkansans, under age 65, are unisnusred. That means over 500,000 of your brother and sister Arkansans are unisnured. That’s a travesty. The national average for the uninsured was 16.2% in 2011. In Arkansas, it was 18.9. However, the national average of personal income is almost $40,000. In Arkansas, it’s only $32, 678.
The Affordable Care Act increases individual responsibility. Everyone must now purchase health insurance, the cost reduced for many, assistance is avialble, and there’s no penalty if you’re not require d to file a tax return.With Obamacare, an additional 250,000 could be covered under Medicaid. An additional 211,000 are likely to obtain private coverage by 2014. This projects billions of dollars for Arkansas.
Let me tell you how Obamacare, Tom Cotton’s cry of wolf, has already helped Arkansans. Children can stay on their parents insurance policy until age 26—covering the stage when many are trying to finish their college degree while working part-time jobs. Insurance companies can no longer deny coverage to a child under 19 due to his/her health conditions. Rescinding coverage by insurance companies is prohibited. You can have free preventive care. I mentioned the rebate they had to pay if they didn’t spend enough on health care claims. Arkansans, in 2011, received $7.8 million. It has given small Arkansas businesses health insurance tax credits, relief for more than a half-million Arkansan senior who hit the Medicare “donut hole”, decreased premiums for 446,000 Arkansans not enrolled in Medicare Advantage, and a 50% discount on Part D covered drugs until 2020. Our state legislature chose to operate under the Federally-facilitated Partnership Exchange allowing Arkansans to continu to serve by: 1) continuing to approve and regulate all insurance plans, including those offered by the exchange and 2) provide consumer assistance functions to include enrollment assistance and post-enrollment complaint resolution.
I’m proud to say, and Mark Pryor too was proud to be able to say that on January 1, 2014, an estimated 572,000 Arkansans will be eligibale for coverage. This is an opportunity for Arkansans to lead better lives. Yet, Tom Cotton opposes it. He lied—lied on his speech claiming that health insurance reform would use our tax dollars to fund abortion. However, the health insurance reform legislation maintains the status quo of no federal funded abortions except in cases of rape, incest, or when the life of the mother in endagered. A federal judge, on this issue, wrote, “the express language of the [Affordable Care Act] does not provide for taxpayer funded abortion. That is a fact and it is clear on its face.” Tom Cotton lied to you, consitutents of Arkansas. Lying—another value that has no home in Arkansas. Cotton’s in favor of returning to the days when insurance companies could damn you for having a pre-existing condition, decide which mecial procdures they pay for and place caps on your benefits, and parents couldn’t keep their children on family policies. All these Arkansans, that, many, for the first time will be elgible for health insurance, can get it. How could you do that? Tom Cotton’s willing to tell more than 300,000 of his constituents that they don’t deserve health coverage, that the poor, many of whom are struggling Arkansans, don’t deserve health insurance. That’s not any Arkansas value I want to be familiar with.
He claims that we’re moving toward a part-time economy because of Obamacare, but that’s not so. Please listen to this:
Million of jobs had already been lost long before ObamaCare™ had even passed Congress, and years before a mandate was ever to be implemented. Temp and part-time hiring has been going on for the past 5 years, but now business leaders and their pundits are saying that it’s because of ObamaCare™ that this has been happening.
In the past, whenever we had a slowdown in hiring, they would also blame the minimum wage, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), the AFL-CIO and other labor unions, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB), the various other consumer protection agencies, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), corporate taxes, the cost of energy, natural disasters and the weather.
These business interests have always had some reason for not paying workers fairly and offering them reasonable benefits. That’s why wealth inequality in the U.S. is worse than in most developed countries. Now ObamaCare™ is just another one on their long list of excuses for not hiring. The same excuses they always use for offshoring jobs, replacing workers with automation, advocating for “right to work” laws, using jobs as hostages while negotiating tax breaks, busting labor unions and using H-1B visas to import labor…to stuff extra cash into the bottomless pockets of the corporate executives at the expense of those who are already barely getting by. Social Security reports that 50% of all American workers net $27,000 a year or less —- and according to a Gallop poll, less than half of those had employer-based healthcare coverage.
The reality is, since the Great Recession, employers have learned to do more with less…and cutting payroll was their major cost cutter…long before a mandate for ObamaCare™ was ever to be implemented. This has been going on long before ObamaCare™ was even a twinkle in your daddy’s eye.
There’s not enough factual evidence to cover Cotton’s claim, espcially because Obamacare does not compeltely go into effect until 2015.
Medicare is vital to most seniors. Arkansan seniors often rely on it. Tom Cotton’s agenda for Medicare begins by increasing the eligibility age from 65 to 70. He wants to privatize Medicare and let the insruance companies run the programs, decide what’s paid on premiums, and determine who gets what medical services—the same people who would exclude millions because of “preexisting conditions”.
Tom Cotton says Arkansas needs a senator who will say no more to the “crony capitalism”—I hate to break it to you, but the game the health insurance companies have played for years can be defined as nothing but “crony capitalism”. Tom Cotton says “Arkansans need a senator who won’t just stand by and accept the status quo”. We do have one. Mark Pryor voted for the Affordable Care Act, putting an end to the status quo where health insurance companies cheated Americans.
Cotton simply tries to make Pryor a scapegoat. You can see the partisanship in Congress, it’s exemplified by men like Tom Cotton, who claim they want to put an end to it, while exacerbating the problem. He makes Presdient Obama a villain, and Pryor an accomplice. Saying that “Pryor votes with Barack Obama over 90% of the time”. What does he even mean here? Obama hasn’t voted since he left the Senate. Does he mean that Pryor agrees with Obama over 90% of the time? What are these standards, seemingly arbitrary, that Cotton flouts?
Cotton claims that Obama’s stimulus did nothing. It let a lot of Arkansans work, who desperately needed work. You can go to Recovery.Arkansas.gov .
Arkansas is a conservative state in the sense, that we haven’t changed much. And there’s nothing wrong with that sometimes. Now, Arkansans know women mean more than they used to. Cotton voted against both versions of the Violence Against Women Act; one of the few to do so. Cotton opposes the Paycheck Fairness Act, which calls for equal pay for equal work. I think if there’s any value in Arkansas, it should be equality. We’re equal to our neighbors. Arkansas has a proud history of populism—we don’t humble ourselves before big names or big money. All Arkansans, like All Americans, are equal and deserve the same treatment. Why doesn’t Tom Cotton agree?
Another treasure, if not some sort of value in itself, is agriculture. We are an agrarian state, less and less perhaps, but we still are. The Farm Bill is vital to Arkansas. Every major farm organization in the state supported this bill. Everyone in the Arkansas delegation supported the legislation—except Tom Cotton. Why? Once again, Tom Cotton is reckless, voting against the consensus of his honorable fellows in the Arkansas delegation. Representative Womack said “it’s a shame”. Representative Griffin called this a “critical safety net”. There’s only one reason Tom Cotton opposed it. One. He made up a reason, citing the “arbitrary connection” with food stamps. I’ll get to that shortly. The Senate Conservatives Fund, a political action committee dedicated to electing Republicans to the Senate, said support for this bill was the “final straw” for them when choosing who to support for the Senate. I think in this case, we may say that Tom Cotton recklessly abandoned Arkansas to get elected to the Senate. This not only goes against Arkansas values, values where we stand together for Arkansas despite political differences, but goes against decency.
Food stamps were incorporated into the Farm Bill in 1977. It was convenient—Tom Cotton chose not to fund food stamps claiming, I quote, “I had hoped this bill would be good for Arkansas farmers and taxpayers, but it turned out badly for both. President Obama’s failed policies have turned what should be a Farm Bill into the Food Stamp Bill, expanding by $300 billion a food-stamp program riddled with fraud and abuse. Because 80% of this bill was food stamps and Arkansas farmers expected to receive less than 1% of the bill’s whopping $940 billion price tag, it was a bad deal for Arkansas farmers and taxpayers.” Once again, Tom Cotton is only blaming Obama because of its appeal to other Republicans. He cites that food stamps, the program, is riddled with fraud and abuse. The vast majority of people who use food stamps live below the poverty line. The program generates economic returns far greater than what is spent for it. Roughly, SNAP generates 1.70 for every dollar spent. Instead, Tom Cotton is favor of splitting the farm bill, which would endanger it. He cites fraud, which isn’t true. The reason food stamps are in such usage has been because of the economy. Arkansas has a proud history of faith. Giving to the poor is an important tenet in social justice, but also doing God’s work. Tom Cotton goes against Arkansas values once again.
Tom Cotton in closing says, “Let’s commit to each other. let’s go win this campaign together. Let’s elect a senator who, when he says “Arkansas comes first,” actually means it.
If Tom Cotton is sincere, he misunderstands Arkansas values, and if he misunderstands Arkansas values, how can he put Arkansas first?
Thank you for reading. With Cotton, I say God bless you, God bless our great state and our beloved country.
 That was from the Washington Post, by Ezra Klein, a fairly gifted economist and blogger.
 Much of that information came from Sandra Cook, MPA. For more, see www.hbe.arkansas.gov, www.healthy.arkansas.gov, or http://healthreform.kff.org/subsidycalculator.aspx